Do you find your home uncomfortable these past few days, especially during warm and cold months? If you do, you might need to install a central heating and cooling system—also known as the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system.
A heating and cooling system plays a crucial role in keeping your home comfortable. It regulates your home’s temperature to ensure that it’s neither too hot nor too cold, especially during the summer and winter.
An HVAC system has two components: heating and cooling. The heating component involves a boiler, furnace, and heat pump, which promotes air circulation. On the other hand, the cooling system consists of an evaporator and condenser, which absorb and expel heat outside the home.
Aside from regulating temperature, a heating and cooling system also supports your family’s health. It helps improve the air quality of your home by filtering allergens, such as dust mites, pet dander, pollen, mold, and other airborne contaminants.
Do you want to install a cooling and heating system but don’t know where to start? If you do, you might find this post helpful. You may also consult an HVAC contractor in Fredericksburg for more information.
When To Install A Heating And Cooling System?
The best time to install a heating and cooling system is when the spring comes. Most people don’t use an HVAC system during the early spring months because the climate is neither too hot nor too cold—the temperature’s just right.
However, there’s no problem whether you install a new one at any time of the year. It’d be best to install one as soon as possible, especially if it means replacing an old and cranky HVAC system.
What To Do Before Installing A Heating And Cooling System?
Installing an HVAC system can be dangerous. It’d be best to inspect your home before you start the process. Do you smell gas? Does your home have faulty electrical wiring? Is it structurally unsafe?
If you have doubts, don’t hesitate to ask a licensed professional for help. They’ll help you ensure a safe working environment to prevent work-related injuries. Also, don’t forget to keep yourself protected by wearing the following:
- Safety goggles
- Gloves, especially when working with sharp objects
Furthermore, be mindful of how you lift heavy and bulky objects. Make sure to do it with your legs rather than your back to prevent back pain and injuries. Also, never drink while on the job.
How To Install A Heating And Cooling System?
Here’s a simple guide to installing a heating and cooling system. If you find the following steps too tricky, don’t hesitate to ask a professional HVAC contractor for help, especially if this is your first time doing the job.
Choose A Right-Sized Heating And Cooling Unit
Sizing is one of the most crucial factors when installing an HVAC unit. Choosing the wrong size can make your home suffocating. Also, an incorrectly-sized unit can promote system issues, such as:
- Premature wear and tear
- Shorter system lifespan
- Temperature inconsistencies
- Higher energy consumption
A technician can perform all the necessary calculations to determine the size suitable for your home. If you want to do all the measurements, make sure to be as meticulous and detailed as possible.
The first thing you need to do is to determine your home’s heating load worth (HLW). This involves your home’s exposure to sunlight, surrounding trees, construction materials, size, age, and location. You may use online calculators to compute your home’s HLW.
Check Your Current Ductwork
Heating and cooling systems don’t come cheap, so you want to ensure they work correctly. To do that, you’ll need to check your ductwork. Does it contain a lot of debris that could cause air circulation problems? Is it damaged? If it does, remove everything that could block the airflow.
Afterward, check your ductwork for leaks. If you find any, seal them immediately before proceeding to other procedures like cleaning.
Even if your unit is the best of its class, it won’t work properly unless its ducts are tightly sealed and well-insulated. It also promotes energy efficiency by lowering your consumption while maintaining optimum performance.
If your ductwork requires more than a simple repair, replace it with a new one. Install the new ductwork in spaces hidden from plain sight, such as attic ceilings and closets. This task is a bit complicated, so it’d best to leave it to the experts.
Find The Perfect Location
Heating and cooling systems can produce some noise, so it’d be best to keep your units in spaces away from your family. Don’t leave the system’s outdoor unit near your living room or bedroom to avoid any displeasure in the future.
You may ask your HVAC contractor where is the best place to install your unit. In that way, you and your family can live peacefully in the comfort of your home.
You also need to determine where to place your thermostat—a device that allows you to control the temperature of your home and the entire heating and cooling system. It’d be best to keep them indoors, away from elements that could affect their performance.
Install Your Unit
Nowadays, most heating and cooling systems are wall-mounted. However, it’d be best to follow the instruction provided by the manufacturer of your HVAC unit.
Regardless, remember and understand the steps provided before you start working. This reduces the risk of making mistakes and streamlines the installation process. Also, it’s essential to follow your manufacturer’s instructions to preserve your unit’s warranty.
Test Your Unit
If a heating and cooling unit is incorrectly installed, your unit’s overall performance might go down to 70%. Before you turn on your heating and cooling system, conduct a series of inspections first.
Listen to the unit and check if there are unusual noises. Then, ensure the temperature and airflow in every corner of your home are consistent. Also, don’t forget to learn all the basic maintenance procedures to keep your HVAC unit up and running in optimum condition.
A heating and cooling system regulates your home’s temperature and promotes your family’s health. With this, you’ll be able to live a peaceful life in the comfort of your home.
Installing an HVAC unit can be overwhelming. If you have the guts to do it yourself, all you need to do is to follow the steps above. If not, don’t hesitate to ask a professional HVAC contractor for help.