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Tamil Nādu: Kolam : கோலம்
Telangana: Muggulu designs: ముగ్గు
Tamil: Tharai Aalangaram : தரை அலங்காரம்
Although rangoli designs and Kolam are pretty similar, one fundamental difference between two is that rangoli is a freeflowing art form, whereas Kolam designs are done with dots. Rangoli Kolam designs are created by joining various dots in loops or gestures.
Scroll down for more than 70 Rangoli Kolam / Muggulu Designs for you.
Rangoli Kolam designs are originally from Tamil Nadu and called “Tamilakam,” which later spread to other regions of Southern India like Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Now it has also spread to some parts of Goa and Maharashtra.
With the worldwide spread of Tamil Diaspora, Rangoli Kolam Designs are also practiced in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Singapore, and Malaysia.
Although rangoli Kolam designs are conventionally made with rice flour (‘kolapodi’ in local language), women also use paints or dilute rice paste for these muggulu designs to last longer.
More recently, people have also started using chalk and vinyl stickers to make rangoli kolam designs. For festivities and events, women also use limestone or red brick powder for contrast in Muggulu designs. Also, you can use synthetic and natural colour powders to make a simple rangoli Kolam design.
The rangoli Kolam designs (Muggulu designs) are mathematical and geometric drawings primarily with curved or straight lines created geometrically around a grid of dots. For festivities and special events, Rangoli maa-kolams designs are made with the use of wet rice flour.
A small clean cloth is used to create these Muggulu. This cloth is soaked into the wet rice flour, and with the smooth and continuous use of thumb and forefingers, these evenly drawn rangoli Kolam designs are created.
With wet rice flour, women in Telangana and Tamil Nadu make these beautiful Kolam designs on their doorsteps every morning. These Kolams left to take their natural course throughout the day, as they get walked over by the house members and visitors and at times blown away by wind or washed away by rain. The next morning before sunrise, the Muggulu designs from the previous day are cleaned by wiping them out with water, and new rangoli Kolams are created.
Muggulu designs are created on the damp surface to ensure that the design holds better. Tradition has been passed down for many generations that Kolam are created on the floor layered with cow dung. Cow dung repels insects and poisonous creatures. The cow dung was spread out on the entrance floor of the house, and then rangoli was created on top. Traditional rangoli designs did not contain chemical-containing colours.
The main purpose of Kolam / Muggulu was never decoration. From tradition, Kolam designs are made daily to remind us of the harmonious co-existence with nature. Kolams were made from rice flour in the house’s front door so that birds, smaller insects, such as ants, do not have to go too far to fetch food, and they could eat it. To prevent insects and ants from entering the house, turmeric powder was used.
Creating a Muggulu or Kolam on the doorsteps symbolizes a warm invitation to everyone into the home, including Goddess Lakshmi, for prosperity and wealth.
Folklore dictates that lines must be drawn in Muggulu so that evil spirits could not enter the Muggulu design, which symbolized not letting them enter the house.
Young women eagerly wait for Margasira / Margahzi. It is the time when they can show their Kolam designing skills. It is a matter of pride to make larger-scale mathematically and geometrically complex designs without lifting the handoff. In a bigger Kolam, rangoli artists display their skill by creating rangoli Kolam designs as big as the width of the road.
The art of Kolam and Muggulu has further flourished with Youtube, Facebook, Instagram, and other social networking sites. Many Muggulu and Kolam artists playing a major role in spreading this art across the world today enjoy a massive fan base.
Rangoli in different states of India
Tamil Nadu: Kolam.
Andhra Pradesh: Muggulu / Muggu
Kerala: Puvidal – Pokalam
Madhya Pradesh: ChowkPurna.
Uttar Pradesh: Sona Rakhana / Sanjhi
Every morning at the break of the day, women in Southern parts of India, especially Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh, draw Kolam or Muggu designs on the front entrance. There are two reasons why Kolam / Muggulu designs are made daily: (1) Kolam and Muggu designs are considered sacred and they bring prosperity through the door. (2) Secondly daily Kolams and Muggu designs symbolize harmonious coexistence with other creatures on earth. Kolams and Muggulu designs are made with rice flour so that smaller insects, ants, birds do not have to go far to find food for themselves and they could eat it.
As per Indian National Calendar, Mārgaśīrṣa or Agrahayana is the 9th month of the year. Margazhi month will start on 9 November 2021 (Wednesday) and end on 8 December 2021 (Thursday). Margasirsa in vedic terms means related to naksatras. This auspicious month is known as Margasheersha in Tamil. Special Kolams designs are made by women. Also there are various Margazhi Kolam competitions organized.
You can do a little bit of research online and find out how to partake in one of the Margazhi Kolam competition or any other Rangoli competition.
Not much but following notable differences:
(1) Women in Southern India make Kolam and Muggu designs every morning whereas in rest of the country, rangoli designs are made only on special occasions.
(2) Kolam and Muggu are traditionally and primarily made with wet rice flour or chalk powder only.
(3) Kolam designs are made with dots. A kolam design will have one dot as the starting point and it is drawn in line connecting the various dots forming different shapes and designs.